Wednesday, October 24, 2007

Enjoining good, forbidding evil

Enjoining good, forbidding evil
By Muhammad Baihiqi
"Let there be among you a community who enjoin good and forbid evil; it is they that shall be successful." (Al-Qur'aan, 3:104)
Allah said, "You are the best community that has ever been brought forth for mankind: you enjoin good and forbid evil, and you believe in Allah." (3:110)
And: "Those who repent, those who worship, those who praise, those who persevere, those who bow down, those who prostrate, and those who enjoin good and forbid evil." (9:112)
Furthermore: "Those of the Israelites, who were unbelievers, have already been cursed on the tongue of Dawood and Isa son of Mary, for they were disobedient, and transgressed. They did not forbid one another from committing the evil that they wrought. What they used to do was foul indeed." (5:79)
The Holy Qur'aan is full of passages, which treat of this subject.
Imam Muslim relates on the authority of Abu Saeed (Radhi Allaho anho) that Prophet Muhammad (Sall Allaho alaihe wasallam) said, "Whoever sees something evil should change it with his hand. If he cannot then with his tongue, and if he cannot do even that, then in his heart. That is the weakest degree of faith." He also relates on the authority of Abdullah bin Masood (Radhi Allaho anho) that the Holy Prophet (Sall Allaho alaihe wasallam) told that there was not a single prophet among those who were sent before him, who did not have companions and followed his Sunnah and obeyed his commands, but afterwards, other generations came, whose words belied their deeds, and whose deeds were not in accordance with what they commanded others to do. Whoever struggled against them with his hand is a believer, whoever struggled against them with his tongue is a believer, and whoever struggled against them with his heart is a believer. But when none of these things are done, then not a mustard's seed weight of faith is present.
Bukhari and Muslim relate that Zainab said, The Holy Prophet (Sall Allaho alaihe wasallam) once awoke, and his face was dark, as he said three times, ‘There is no deity worthy of worship but Allah! Woe betide the Arabs, because of an evil, which will soon come! Today, the barrier of Gog and Magog has been breached by so much,' and he made a circle with his thumb and forefinger." Zainab said, 'O Messenger of Allah! Even when the righteous still dwell amongst us?' The Holy Prophet (Sall Allaho alaihe wasallam) said, 'Yes, when moral degradation becomes widespread.'
Malik bin Dinaar (Rahmatullah alaihe) once recited the verse, "There were in the city nine men who caused corruption in the earth, and would not cause reform," (27:48), and said, "Nowadays, there are people in every clan and district who cause corruption in the earth, and do not cause reform." He also said, "We have become accustomed to loving the world, so that we do not enjoin good or forbid evil to one another. Allah Almighty will certainly not permit us to continue doing this, but would that I knew what kind of punishment shall befall us!"
Umar bin Abdul Aziz (Rahmatullah alaihe) said, "It used to be that Allah Almighty does not punish the common people for the sins of the elite, but when the evil is done openly, and they do not repudiate it, they all become deserving of His punishment."

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