5 things about Battle of Badr
The Battle of Badr took place on the seventeenth of Ramadan, two years after Prophet Muhammad's (peace be upon him) Hijrah (emigration) to Madina. Here's more information about the battle, which was the first armed conflict that the Muslims were ever engaged in.
The Muslims went out of Madina to investigate a caravan which was returning to Makkah from Syria, not intending to engage in battle. The caravan escaped, but its leader Abu Sufyan managed to send word to Makkah, asking for forces to come and protect the caravan.
The Makkan tribes marched with an enormous army of 1,000 men, 100 horses, and 700 camels, and luxurious provisions to last for several days, while the Muslims numbered 313 ill-equipped men on 70 camels and a few horses.
Led by the Prophet (pbuh), the Muslims marched forward and at the suggestion of a companion, Hubab Bin Mundhir, encamped south on the nearest water well, restricting the Makkans' access to water.
The Battle of Badr is one of the few battles explicitly mentioned in the Qur'an: "And Allah has already made you victorious at Badr, when you were a weak little force. So fear Allah much that you may be grateful." Qur'an: 3:123
Many important Makkan leaders were killed or taken prisoner in this battle, the most noteworthy of whom was Abu Jahl, the archenemy of Islam. The Battle of Badr strengthened the Muslims' status in Arabia as a strong force and consolidated the Muslims' faith.