Friday, January 30, 2009

The Simple Life of Muhammad (Peace Be Upon Him)

If we compare the life of Muhammad (sal-allahu-alleihi-wasallam)  before his mission as a prophet and his life after he began his mission as a prophet, we will conclude that it is beyond reason to think that Muhammad (sal-allahu-alleihi-wasallam) was a false prophet, who claimed prophethood to attain material gains, greatness, glory, or power.
Before his mission as a prophet, Muhammad (sal-allahu-alleihi-wasallam) had no financial worries. As a successful and reputed merchant, Muhammad (sal-allahu-alleihi-wasallam) drew a satisfactory and comfortable income. After his mission as a prophet and because of it, he became worse off materially. To clarify this more, let us browse the following sayings on his life:
n Aa’isha, Muhammad (sal-allahu-alleihi-wasallam) wife, said, “O my nephew, we would sight three new moons in two months without lighting a fire (to cook a meal) in the Prophet’s houses.” Her nephew asked, “O Aunt, what sustained you?” She said, “The two black things, dates and water, but the Prophet had some Ansar neighbors who had milk-giving she-camels and they used to send the Prophet some of its milk.”
Saheeh Muslim, #2972, and Saheeh Al-Bukhari, #2567
n Sahl Ibn Sa’ad, one of Muhammad (sal-allahu-alleihi-wasallam) companions, said, “The Prophet of God did not see bread made from fine flour from the time God sent him (as a prophet) until he died.”
Saheeh Al-Bukhari, #5413, and Al-Tirmizi, #2364
n Aa’isha, Muhammad (sal-allahu-alleihi-wasallam) wife, said, “The mattress of the Prophet (sal-allahu-alleihi-wasallam), on which he slept, was made of leather stuffed with the fiber of the date-palm tree.”
Saheeh Muslim, #2082, and Saheeh Al-Bukhari, #6456.
n Amr Ibn Al-Hareth, one of Muhammad (sal-allahu-alleihi-wasallam) companions, said that when the Prophet died, he left neither money nor anything else except his white riding mule, his arms, and a piece of land which he left to charity.
Al-Bukhari, #2739, and Mosnad Ahmad, #17990.
Muhammad (sal-allahu-alleihi-wasallam) lived this hard life till he died although the Muslim treasury was at his disposal, the greater part of the Arabian Peninsula was Muslim before he died, and the Muslims were victorious after eighteen years of his mission.
Is it possible that Muhammad (sal-allahu-alleihi-wasallam) might have claimed prophethood in order to attain status, greatness, and power?
The desire to enjoy status and power is usually associated with good food, fancy clothing, monumental palaces, colorful guards, and indisputable authority. Do any of these indicators apply to Muhammad (sal-allahu-alleihi-wasallam) ? A few glimpses of his life that may help answer this question follow.
Despite his responsibilities as a prophet, a teacher, a statesman, and a judge, Muhammad (sal-allahu-alleihi-wasallam) used to milk his goat,5 mend his clothes, repair his shoes,6 help with the household work,7 and visit poor people when they got sick.8 He also helped his companions in digging a trench by moving sand with them.9 His life was an amazing model of simplicity and humbleness.
(5) Mosnad Ahmad, #25662.
(6) Saheeh Al-Bukhari, #676, and Mosnad Ahmad, #25517.
(7)  Saheeh Al-Bukhari, #676, and Mosnad Ahmad, #23706.
(8)  Mowatta’ Malek, #531.
(9) Saheeh Al-Bukhari, #3034, and Saheeh Muslim, #1803, and Mosnad Ahmad, #18017.
Muhammad (sal-allahu-alleihi-wasallam) followers loved him, respected him, and trusted him to an amazing extent. Yet he continued to emphasize that deification should be directed to God and not to him personally.
Anas, one of Muhammad (sal-allahu-alleihi-wasallam) companions, said that there was no person whom they loved more than the Prophet Muhammad (sal-allahu-alleihi-wasallam), yet when he came to them, they did not stand up for him because he hated their standing up for him,10 as other people do with their great people.
(10)Mosnad Ahmad, #12117, and Al-Tirmizi, #2754
Long before there was any prospect of success for Islam and at the outset of a long and painful era of torture, suffering, and persecution of Muhammad (sal-allahu-alleihi-wasallam) and his followers, he received an interesting offer. An envoy of the pagan leaders, Otba, came to him saying, “...If you want money, we will collect enough money for you so that you will be the richest one of us. If you want leadership, we will take you as our leader and never decide on any matter without your approval. If you want a kingdom, we will crown you king over us...”
Only one concession was required from Muhammad (sal-allahu-alleihi-wasallam) in return for that, to give up calling people to Islam and worshipping God alone without any partner. Wouldn’t this offer be tempting to one pursuing worldly benefit? Was Muhammad (sal-allahu-alleihi-wasallam) hesitant when the offer was made? Did he turn it down as a bargaining strategy leaving the door open for a better offer? The following was his answer: {In the Name of God, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful} And he recited to Otba the verses of the Quran 41:1-38.
Al-Serah Al-Nabaweyyah, Ibn Hesham, vol. 1, pp. 293-294.
The Following are some of these verses:
A revelation from (God), the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful; a Book whereof the verses are explained in detail; a Quran in Arabic, for people who know, giving good news and warning, yet most of them turn away, so they do not listen. (Quran, 41:2-4)
On another occasion and in response to his uncle’s plea to stop calling people to Islam, Muhammad (sal-allahu-alleihi-wasallam) answer was as decisive and sincere: {I swear by the name of God, O Uncle!, that if they place the sun in my right-hand and the moon in my left-hand in return for giving up this matter (calling people to Islam), I will never desist until either God makes it triumph or I perish defending it.}
Al-Serah Al-Nabaweyyah, Ibn Hesham, vol. 1, pp. 265-266.
Muhammad (sal-allahu-alleihi-wasallam) and his few followers did not only suffer from persecution for thirteen years but the unbelievers even tried to kill Muhammad (sal-allahu-alleihi-wasallam) several times. On one occasion they attempted to kill him by dropping a large boulder, which could barely be lifted, on his head.13 Another time they tried to kill him by poisoning his food.14
(13) Al-Serah Al-Nabaweyyah, Ibn Hesham, vol. 1, pp. 298-299.
(14)  Al-Daremey, #68, and Abu-Dawood, #4510
What could justify such a life of suffering and sacrifice even after he was fully triumphant over his adversaries? What could explain the humbleness and nobility which he demonstrated in his most glorious moments when he insisted that success is due only to God’s help and not to his own genius?
Are these the characteristics of a power-hungry or a self-centered man?

Wednesday, January 28, 2009

Prayers…

If you want your prayer to be of benefit to you, say to yourself, "I might not have a chance to perform another prayer."

– Bakr Al Muzani, (Jami' Al 'Ulum Wal-Hikam, pg. 466)

Signs of the hypocrite

Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) said:

Three are the signs of the hypocrite: When he speaks, he tells lies, when he promises, he breaks it and when he is given trust, he proves to be dishonest.

                  – Bukhari

Tuesday, January 27, 2009

Prayers…

The Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) said:

"When the servant stands to pray, all his sins are placed on his head and shoulders. Every time he bows or prostrates the sins fall away from him."

     - Reported by At-Tabarani in Al-Kabeer and Al-Bayhaqi in his Sunan. It is also collected in Sahih Al-Jaami', no. 1671

Truthfulness in the Qur'an and Sunnah

Truthfulness in the Qur'an and Sunnah

"O you who believe! Be afraid of Allah, and be with those who are true (in words and deeds.)" (Qur'an, 9:119)

"Obedience (to Allah) and good words (were better for them). And when the matter (preparation for Jihad) is resolved on, then if they had been true to Allah, it would have been better for them." (Qur'an, 47:21)

Prophet Mohammed (peace be upon him) said, "A true action leads to the path of virtue and good deeds, and virtue paves the way for a person to Paradise. A person continues to speak the truth till in the sight of Allah he is named Siddiq or Truthful. Lying leads to vice, and vice leads to indecent acts. A person continues to lie till in the sight of Allah he is named a liar." (Bukhari and Muslim)

Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) said: "Leave alone that which puts thee in doubt, and adhere to that which is free from doubt, for truth is comforting and falsehood is disturbing." (Tirmidhi)

The Prophet (peace be upon him) said about business transactions: "A sale agreement is revocable till the buyer and seller part company. If they tell the truth and disclose everything relevant to the transaction, it becomes full of blessings for both of them; but if they speak falsely and conceal what should be disclosed, the blessing of the transaction is withheld." (Bukhari and Muslim).

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Monday, January 26, 2009

Value your food…

Abu Hurairah reported:

The Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) never found fault with food. If he had inclination to eating it, he would eat; and if he disliked it, he would leave it.

                  – Al-Bukhari and Muslim

Sunday, January 25, 2009

Fear Allah Alone

Fear Allah Alone

KHAWF (fear) is one of the acts of worship, and should be for Allah alone. This has a tremendous position and lofty status in the fields of worship. It can be divided into two categories:

Shirk of 'secret fear'

It is to fear someone about affairs over which only Allah has power. For example: To fear that a creature could prevent you from completing your life span, or to fear that someone would stop your sustenance, or to fear that someone (has the power) to prevent you from entering Paradise.

Such fear that a person harbors toward a created being with the belief that he has the ability to do these things, when only Allah Alone has the power and ability to do them, is secret fear and is considered Shirk (associating partners with Allah).

Disobedience

If a person doesn't say the truth, or enjoin good and forbid wrong, because of fear of another person, then this is an act of disobedience.

Fear is an act of worship and should be entertained for Allah alone. Allah says in the Qur'an:

"...so fear them not, but fear Me, if you are (true) believers..." (Qur'an, 3:175)

Allah also said:

"...Therefore fear not men but fear Me (O Jews) and sell not My Verses for a miserable price..." (Qur'an, 5:44)

The Prophet (peace be upon him) said: "Seven people shall receive shade from Allah when there is no shade except His shade... (one of them is) a man who is called by a charming lady of noble birth and he says 'I fear Allah.'" (Al-Bukhari)

– Extract from the Sheikh's lecture "Enter into Islam wholeheartedly" published by Albaseerah.org.

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Saturday, January 24, 2009

Success is in Islam

Success is in Islam

UMAR Bin Al-Khattab (may Allah be pleased with him) was on his way to take over Jerusalem from the Romans. They insisted that they would hand over the keys of the city only to the leader of Muslims, whose power and might was well-known.

His journey was special. He would take turns with his slave to ride the camel. If for some distance he rode and the slave walked pulling the camel, then for the next equal distance the slave would ride and Umar would walk, pulling the camel. Jerusalem was near, the city's gates were almost in sight, and it was the slave's turn to ride the camel. While Umar walked, he passed through a pool of mud, so his clothes got soiled.

Abu Ubaidah Bin Al-Jarrah, commander of the Muslim army, was worried. He came to Umar, the leader of Muslims, and suggested that he rode the camel as they were about to enter Jerusalem. He thought the Romans, who are used to pomp and glory, will not respect his leader if he entered with such simplicity.

At first, Umar (may Allah be pleased with him) was taken aback. He didn't expect Abu Ubaidah, one of the 10 whom the Prophet (peace be upon him) gave good news of Paradise in this world itself, to say something like this!

Then Umar spoke one of the most powerful statements ever to go down in history. He said, "We were a people who lived in humiliation before. Allah gave us honor through Islam. If we sought honor through anything else (at the cost of Islam) then Allah will humiliate us again."

That statement looks as if Umar was directly addressing us, Muslims of the 21st century. Surely enough, what was the Arabian peninsula before Islam? It was steeped deep into ignorance that rulers would pass by and would not bother conquering it.

People would bury their female babies alive; fights would start at the drop of a hat and continue for hundreds of years; immoral practices were rampant; and most importantly idols made by their own hands were worshipped.

Who could have thought during the time that in less than 100 years the same people would be ruling from Spain to nearly the Indian subcontinent and beyond? But that is what Islam did to them, that is what standing firm upon the truth brought them. They were exemplary as believers – practicing Islam with full conviction, and obeying Allah with full submission. This is what we lack today. We lack knowledge that precedes action, and faith that turns knowledge into deeds. If we set that right, Allah promises us the success we so desperately seek.

"So do not become weak (against your enemy), nor be sad, and you will be superior (in victory) if you are indeed (true) believers." (Qur'an, 3:139)

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Gandhi on Jews & Middle-East

Gandhi on Jews & Middle-East
A Non-Violent Look at Conflict & Violence
Article written on Nov 20, 1938
Published in Harijan on November 26, 1938

It is of utmost importance to remember the time of this writing. It is 1938, Hitler is ruling Germany, and the clouds of a terrible conflict have begun to form. Gandhi's article shows his incredible sense of right and wrong, his blind faith in his methodology, and his profound vision of things to come. - Ed.

On Jews & Middle-East
by Mohandas K. Gandhi

Several letters have been received by me asking me to declare my views about the Arab-Jew question in Palestine and the persecution of the Jews in Germany . It is not without hesitation that I venture to offer my views on this very difficult question.
My sympathies are all with the Jews. I have known them intimately in South Africa . Some of them became life-long companions. Through these friends I came to learn much of their age-long persecution. They have been the untouchables of Christianity. The parallel between their treatment by Christians and the treatment of untouchables by Hindus is very close. Religious sanction has been invoked in both cases for the justification of the inhuman treatment meted out to them. Apart from the friendships, therefore, there is the more common universal reason for my sympathy for the Jews.
But my sympathy does not blind me to the requirements of justice. The cry for the national home for the Jews does not make much appeal to me. The sanction for it is sought in the Bible and the tenacity with which the Jews have hankered after return to Palestine . Why should they not, like other peoples of the earth, make that country their home where they are born and where they earn their livelihood?
Palestine belongs to the Arabs in the same sense that England belongs to the English or France to the French. It is wrong and inhuman to impose the Jews on the Arabs. What is going on in Palestine today cannot be justified by any moral code of conduct. The mandates have no sanction but that of the last war. Surely it would be a crime against humanity to reduce the proud Arabs so that Palestine can be restored to the Jews partly or wholly as their national home. The nobler course would be to insist on a just treatment of the Jews wherever they are born and bred. The Jews born in France are French in precisely the same sense that Christians born in France are French.
If the Jews have no home but Palestine, will they relish the idea of being forced to leave the other parts of the world in which they are settled? Or do they want a double home where they can remain at will? This cry for the national home affords a colorable justification for the German expulsion of the Jews.
But the German persecution of the Jews seems to have no parallel in history. The tyrants of old never went so mad as Hitler seems to have gone. And he is doing it with religious zeal. For he is propounding a new religion of exclusive and militant nationalism in the name of which many inhumanity becomes an act of humanity to be rewarded here and hereafter. The crime of an obviously mad but intrepid youth is being visited upon his whole race with unbelievable ferocity.
If there ever could be a justifiable war in the name of and for humanity, a war against Germany, to prevent the wanton persecution of a whole race, would be completely justified. But I do not believe in any war. A discussion of the pros and cons of such a war is therefore outside my horizon or province.
But if there can be no war against Germany , even for such a crime as is being committed against the Jews, surely there can be no alliance with Germany. How can there be alliance between a nation which claims to stand for justice and democracy and one which is the declared enemy of both? Or is England drifting towards armed dictatorship and all it means?
Germany is showing to the world how efficiently violence can be worked when it is not hampered by any hypocrisy or weakness masquerading as humanitarianism. It is also showing how hideous, terrible and terrifying it looks in its nakedness.
Can the Jews resist this organized and shameless persecution? Is there a way to preserve their self-respect, and not to feel helpless, neglected and forlorn? I submit there is. No person who has faith in a living God need feel helpless or forlorn. Jehovah of the Jews is a God more personal than the God of the Christians, the Musalmans or the Hindus, though, as a matter of fact in essence, He is common to all the one without a second and beyond description. But as the Jews attribute personality to God and believe that He rules every action of theirs, they ought not to feel helpless.
If I were a Jew and were born in Germany and earned my livelihood there, I would claim Germany as my home even as the tallest gentile German may, and challenge him to shoot me or cast me in the dungeon; I would refuse to be expelled or to submit to discriminating treatment. And for doing this, I should not wait for the fellow Jews to join me in civil resistance but would have confidence that in the end the rest are bound to follow my example. If one Jew or all the Jews were to accept the prescription here offered, he or they cannot be worse off than now. And suffering voluntarily undergone will bring them an inner strength and joy which no number of resolutions of sympathy passed in the world outside Germany can.
Indeed, even if Britain , France and America were to declare hostilities against Germany, they can bring no inner joy, no inner strength. The calculated violence of Hitler may even result in a general massacre of the Jews by way of his first answer to the declaration of such hostilities. But if the Jewish mind could be prepared for voluntary suffering, even the massacre I have imagined could be turned into a day of thanksgiving and joy that Jehovah had wrought deliverance of the race even at the hands of the tyrant. For to the god fearing, death has no terror. It is a joyful sleep to be followed by a waking that would be all the more refreshing for the long sleep.
It is hardly necessary for me to point out that it is easier for the Jews than for the Czechs to follow my prescription. And they have in the Indian satyagraha campaign in South Africa an exact parallel. There the Indians occupied precisely the same place that the Jews occupy in Germany . The persecution had also a religious tinge. President Kruger used to say that the white Christians were the chosen of God and Indians were inferior beings created to serve the whites. A fundamental clause in the Transvaal constitution was that there should be no equality between the whites and colored races including Asiatics. There too the Indians were consigned to ghettos described as locations. The other disabilities were almost of the same type as those of the Jews in Germany. The Indians, a mere handful, resorted to satyagraha without any backing from the world outside or the Indian Government. Indeed the British officials tried to dissuade the satyagrahis (soldiers of non-violence) from their contemplated step. World opinion and the Indian Government came to their aid after eight years of fighting. And that too was by way of diplomatic pressure, not of a threat of war.
But the Jews of Germany can offer satyagraha under infinitely better auspices than Indians of South Africa. The Jews are a compact, homogeneous community in Germany. They are far more gifted than the Indians of South Africa. And they have organized world opinion behind them. I am convinced that if someone with courage and vision can arise among them to lead them in nonviolent action, the winter of their despair can in the twinkling of an eye be turned into the summer of hope. And what has today become a degrading man-hunt can be turned in to a calm and determined stand offered by unarmed men and women possessing the strength of suffering given to them by Jehovah. It will be then a truly religious resistance offered against the godless fury of dehumanized man. The German Jews will score a lasting victory over the German gentiles in the sense that they will have converted that latter to an appreciation of human dignity. They will have rendered service to fellow-Germans and proved their title to be the real Germans as against those who are today dragging, however unknowingly, the German name into the mire.
And now a word to the Jews in Palestine. I have no doubt that they are going about it the wrong way. The Palestine of the Biblical conception is not geographical tract. It is in their hearts. But if they must look to the Palestine of geography as their national home, it is wrong to enter it under the shadow of the British gun. A religious act cannot be performed with the aid of the bayonet or the bomb. They can settle in Palestine only by the goodwill of the Arabs. They should seek to convert the Arab heart. The same God rules the Arab heart, who rules the Jewish heart. They can offer satyagraha in front of the Arabs and offer themselves to be shot or thrown in to the Dead Sea without raising a little finger against them. They will find the world opinion in the their favor in their religious aspiration. There are hundreds of ways of reasoning with the Arabs, if they will only discard the help of the British bayonet. As it is, they are co-sharers with the British in despoiling a people who have done no wrong to them.
I am not defending the Arab excesses. I wish they had chosen the way of non-violence in resisting what they rightly regarded as an unwarrantable encroachment upon their country. But according to the accepted canons of right and wrong, nothing can be said against the Arab resistance in the face of overwhelming odds.
Let the Jews who claim to be the chosen race prove their title by choosing the way of non-violence for vindicating their position on earth. Every country is their home including Palestine, not by aggression but by loving service. A Jewish friend has sent me a book called The Jewish Contribution to Civilization by Cecil Roth. It gives a record of what the Jews have done to enrich the word's Literature, Art, Music, Drama, Science, Medicine, Agriculture, etc. --- Given the will, the Jew can refuse to be treated as the outcaste of the West, to be despised or patronized. He can command the attention and respect of the world by being man, the chosen creation of God, instead of being man who is fast sinking to the brute and forsaken by God. They can add to their many contributions the surpassing contribution of non-violent action.
(Article Written on November 20, 1938 - Published in Harijan on November 26, 1938)

Friday, January 23, 2009

Old man who commits zina…

The sayings of our beloved Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him)

Hadrat Abu Hurairah (r.a.) said: ‘The Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said,

"There are three (types of) people whom Allah will neither speak to on the Day of Resurrection, nor will He purify them (i.e., from their sins), nor will He (even) look at them (with Mercy); and they will have a painful chastisement.

These are:

1. An old man who commits fornication;

2. a king who is a great liar, and,

3. a poor man who is proud.''’

Related by Muslim.

Saturday, January 17, 2009

Satan…

Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) said:

"Satan has lost hope that people who pray would worship him in the Arabian Peninsula, but he is pleased to sow discord among you."

                  – Sahih Muslim

Why be good to parents?

Why be good to parents?

Source to Paradise

Being kind to parents can be our source of entering paradise. The Prophet (peace be upon him) mentioned that Jibreel cursed three types of people and the Prophet (peace be upon him) responded by saying Aameen. One such type is a person who grows up when his parents are alive and (due to his negligence to them) they do not allow him to enter Paradise. (Imam Bukhari's Al-Adab Al-Mufrad, no. 646 – authenticated by Al-Albani)

This Hadith shows the importance of being good to parents, whether they are Muslims or not. It is one of the causes that leads an individual to paradise and saves him from the Fire.

Long life and wealth

Kindness to parents can increase our life span and sustenance. The Prophet (peace be upon him) said, "Whoever would like to have an extension in his stay in this world or have an increase in his sustenance then let him join his family ties." (Al-Bukhari and Muslim)

Being good to parents is one of the important parts of upholding family ties. It could be a reason for long life with increase in sustenance.

Treatment reciprocated

If we treat our parents well, our children will similarly treat us well in future. Our kindness and respect will only return to us. The Prophet (peace be upon him) said: "Show kindness to your parents and in turn your children shall show kindness to you." (Al-Hakim)

(No doubt, it would be a blessing) if our children are good to us in times of our need.

Allah's pleasure

Allah's pleasure is tied with the pleasure of parents and so is His displeasure. Allah is pleased when we obey Him, and He commanded us to be kind to our parents. So, being kind to parents will please Allah, while the opposite invokes His anger.

– From Sheikh Al-Ghudyan's lecture "Be dutiful and good to parents" via tele-link to Albaseerah, transcribed in Albaseerah.org forums.

Al-Ghudyan is a member of the Council of Senior Scholars and the Permanent Committee for Research and Islamic Verdicts, Saudi Arabia.

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Friday, January 09, 2009

Hazrat Husain

The early history of Islam is replete with examples of men and women who patiently put up with all sorts of persecution and willingly laid down their lives for the sake of truth. However, the later-day Muslims needed a more stirring example to serve as an eternal reminder that social and political ills cannot be held in check without paying a really heavy price. Allah willed that this supreme example be set by the grandson of the Messenger of Allah.

The martyrdom of Hazrat Husain has a significance of its own. He stood firmly, against overwhelming odds, for what he believed to be the right cause in the interest of Islam. He had no delusions about the outcome of the struggle. But the grim outlook only added to the strength of his resolve.

The supreme sacrifice of Hazrat Husain exalted him to a position of glory, which the mightiest of emperors might well envy. Hazrat Husain became a symbol of the eternal struggle of right against might. Whenever and wherever men feel overawed by the forces of evil, their thoughts turn to Hazrat Husain. They take heart from his example and carry on the fight with a renewed faith.

A Brief Historical Account of Events Leading to the Martyrdom of Imam Husain r.a. Al-Husain was the second son of Fatima, the daughter of Prophet Muhammad (pbuh), by her husbandAli, the fourth Khalifah. A brother to Al-Hasan(r.a)

The Prophet Mohammed (pbuh) said,

"Both of them are my children and the sons of my daughter. O Allah! I love them both. So you too, love them as well as those who have love for them."

Imam Husain ibn-i-Ali stands out as the beacon of light throwing his pure and lustrous effulgence attracting the votaries of Truth and self-sacrifice. The noblest martyr...

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When hardships fall, what level do you fall in?

 

We all pass through difficult stages. Hardships are part and parcel of life. But the way we react to them makes us different as people. As a scholar of the past said people look the same during ease, but are different when hardships strike. Sheikh Bin Uthaymeen explained the different levels of people in a beautiful manner.

People, during afflictions and difficulties, are at four levels:

1. Becoming angry

People get angry in their heart as if they are angry with their Lord. So, they become angry with what Allah decreed for them, and this is not permissible. It's possible that it could even lead to disbelief. Allah says:

"And among mankind is he who worships Allah as it were, upon the very edge (i.e. in doubt); if good befalls him, he's content therewith, but if a trial befalls him, he turns back on his face (i.e. reverts back to disbelief after embracing Islam). He loses both this world and the Hereafter."(Qur'an, 22:11)

Others express their anger by their tongue, calling and supplicating for destruction or ruin. This is also impermissible. Some others slap cheeks, rip their clothes, and pull out their hair. None of this is allowed. It's in contradiction to having the required patience.

2. Remaining patient

A poet once said, "Patience, like its name, is bitter in taste, yet its outcomes are sweeter than honey."

The patient ones bear (the affliction) although they dislike it. Their faith prevents them from becoming angry. So, the period of affliction and period without hardship are not the same to him. This (level) is obligatory because Allah commanded the people to be patient, saying: "And be patient. Certainly, Allah is with the patient ones." (Qur'an, 8:46)

3. Being pleased

Some are pleased with the affliction. Things are pretty much the same for them. There is no difficulty facing them and they don't bear it as something heavy.

This (level) is preferred but not an obligation according to the most correct of opinions.

4. Being thankful

Being grateful is the highest level. This is the state when a person thanks Allah for the affliction that has befallen him. He knows that such a difficulty is a means of expiation for his sins and perhaps a cause for an increase in his good deeds. The Prophet (peace be upon him) said:

"There's no affliction that strikes a Muslim except that Allah expiates with it (his sins), even with a thorn that may prick him." (Al-Bukhari and Muslim)

– Fatawa Arkaan Al-Islam. Translated by Abu Az-Zubayr Harrison

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