Guidance from The Prophet (saws)
Hadrat Aishah (r.a.), the mother of the believers, reported: ‘The Messenger of Allah (saws) never omitted four rakah (voluntary) prayer before the ‘dhuhr’ prayer and the two rakah (voluntary) prayer before dawn (Fajr) prayer.’
Related by Bukhari. quoted from Riyad-us-Saliheen (Hadith # 1100)
Amongst the ‘nafl’ or extra prayers which the Prophet (saws) never failed to offer were the four-rakah voluntary prayers before the obligatory ‘dhuhr’ prayer and the two-rakah voluntary prayer before the obligatory ‘fajr’ prayer.
These six-rakahs are amongst the twelve rakahs of what is known as the Sunnah Muaqqedah prayers which the Prophet (saws) almost never ever missed. The other Sunnah Muaqqedah prayers other than the ones listed above are:
1. two-rakahs after the obligatory ‘dhuhr’ prayer.
2. two-rakahs after the obligatory ‘magrib’ prayer.
3. and two-rakahs after the obligatory ‘isha’ prayer.